Tag: exports

Markit: China’s Manufacturing Sector Slowed Once More, Down to its Lowest Level Since March 2009

The Caixin Flash China General Manufacturing PMI declined from 47.8 in July to 47.1 in August, its lowest level since March 2009. The Chinese manufacturing sector continues to struggle, with its PMI data contracting for the sixth consecutive month. Manufacturing activity was down across-the-board, including new orders (down from 47.2 to 46.3), output (down from 47.1 to 46.6), exports (down from 46.9 to 46.0) and employment (down from 47.2 to 46.0). The new orders figure was also at a post-recessionary low. Indeed, a number of economic statistics continue to reflect decelerating activity levels, particularly relative to the paces observed earlier in the year or last year. These include industrial production, fixed asset investments and retail sales. With that in mind, the Bank of China has devalued the yuan, down 2.9 percent in the past two weeks, and the Shanghai Composite Stock Market Index has plummeted more than 32 percent since June 12. Such sharp moves have prompted growth worries in financial markets around the world. (continue reading…)

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Philly Fed: Manufacturing Activity Expanded Modestly in August

The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia said that growth in the manufacturing sector in its district expanded modestly in August, picking up slightly from July. The composite index of general business activity increased from 5.7 in July to 8.3 in August. While this suggests some improvement for the month, growth in activity has decelerated since June’s 15.2 reading, which was the highest level so far in 2015. The headline figure rose primarily on strength in shipments (up from 4.4 to 16.7), with 36.0 percent of respondents suggesting that their shipments were higher in August, up from 23.5 percent in July. Similarly, hiring (up from -0.4 to 5.3) accelerated somewhat, with the percentage of those completing the survey saying that employment was increased up from 12.0 percent to 21.1 percent. The average workweek (up from 4.0 to 8.5) was also longer. (continue reading…)

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Markit: Chinese Manufacturing Activity Slipped Further into Negative Territory in July

The Caixin Flash China General Manufacturing PMI dropped from 49.4 in June to 48.2 in July, its lowest level since April 2014. Chinese manufacturing activity has now contracted in 7 of the past 8 months, continuing a deceleration trend in that nation’s economy. Indeed, all of the PMI subcomponents were in negative territory in July, with most of them slipping further. This included new orders (down from 50.3 to 48.1), output (down from 49.7 to 47.3) and exports (down from 50.3 to 46.6), with domestic and foreign demand declining once again after stabilizing slightly in June. Employment (up from 46.6 to 47.4) fell at a slower pace for the month, and yet, hiring has now decreased in 27 of the past 28 months. These data are consistent with recent economic indicators from China, which have reflected slower growth, particularly relative to the rates experienced at the end of last year or earlier. (continue reading…)

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ISM: Manufacturing Activity Picked Up Somewhat in June

The Institute for Supply Management’s manufacturing purchasing managers’ index picked up a little in June. The headline PMI increased from 52.8 in May to 53.5 in June, returning to a level last seen in January. As such, this report indicates that manufacturing activity has begun to recover from the softer demand, output and hiring levels experienced earlier in the year, with a number of economic headlines challenging the sector. Still, that does not mean that manufacturers are out of the woods yet, with activity expanding at a slower pace than desired. To illustrate this point, the manufacturing PMI averaged 56.9 in the second half of 2014, but has averaged 52.6 through the first six months of 2015. (continue reading…)

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Kansas City Fed: Manufacturing Activity Declined for the Fourth Straight Month in June

The Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank said that manufacturing activity declined for the fourth straight month in June, albeit at a slower pace than in May. The composite index of general business conditions increased from -13 in May to -9 in June. The slower decline for the headline measure stemmed largely from an easing in the decrease of new orders (up from -19 to -3). Still, it is hard to paint this report in a positive manner, with continued sluggishness across the board. For instance, the rate of production weakened even further (down from -13 to -21), with shipments (down from -9 to -15), employment (up from -17 to -9) and exports (up from -9 to -5) all solidly in contraction. Exports have been negative for six consecutive months. (continue reading…)

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Markit: Eurozone Manufacturers Report Fastest Growth since April 2014

The Markit Flash Eurozone Manufacturing PMI increased from 52.2 in May to 52.5 in June, its fastest pace of growth since April 2014. (The composite measure, which adds in services, rose to a 49-month high.) For manufacturers, output (up from 53.3 to 53.5) and employment (up from 51.6 to 52.0) both edged higher, with each expanding modestly. At the same time, there were slight easings for new orders (down from 52.7 to 52.5) and exports (down from 53.2 to 52.6). Nonetheless, the underlying story is a positive one, with Europe making significant progress in recent months and brushing off possible risks from Greece. With that said, robust growth continues to be elusive, with real GDP up 0.4 percent in the first quarter and industrial production up just 0.1 percent in April. On a year-over-year basis, the Eurozone grew 1.0 percent, with industrial output up 0.8 percent. (continue reading…)

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Business Economists Downgrade Their Growth Estimates for 2015

The National Association for Business Economics (NABE) said that panelists in its Outlook Survey downgraded their estimates for growth in 2015. Business economists now expect real GDP growth of 2.4 percent this year, down from 3.1 percent in the March survey. This reflects recent headwinds in the U.S. economy, with 80 percent and 72 percent suggesting that a stronger U.S. dollar and slower growth in China, respectively, were having a negative impact on U.S. economic growth. To illustrate this point, the estimates for export growth have declined from 5.4 percent in December to 2.1 percent in the current report.  (continue reading…)

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ISM: Manufacturing Activity Rebounded a Little in May

The Institute for Supply Management’s manufacturing purchasing managers’ index rebounded a little from 51.5 in April to 52.8 in May. This was good news, particularly given the softness in this index seen year-to-date. Through the first five months of 2015, the headline index has averaged 52.4, well below the 56.9 average observed in the second half of 2014. This weakness has stemmed from a number of significant headwinds, including the U.S. dollar, lower crude oil prices and the West Coast ports slowdown, among other factors. Still, manufacturers have been cautiously optimistic in their outlook for the coming months, and as such, we would expect some recovery in overall activity for the sector. Hopefully, this is the beginning of a larger upward trend. (continue reading…)

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Kansas City Fed Reported Contracting Activity for the Third Consecutive Month in May

The Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank said that manufacturing activity contracted for the third consecutive month in May. The composite index dropped from -7 in April to -13 in May, suggesting a sharper drop in activity than the month before. Indeed, several of the key data points declined at faster rates in May than in April. This included new orders (down from -12 to -19), production (down from -2 to -13), shipments (down from -7 to -9) and the average workweek (down from -10 to -14). At the same time, employment (up from -18 to -17) decreased sharply, and exports (up from -12 to -9) contracted for the fifth straight month, even as both measures fell at slightly slower paces for the month. (continue reading…)

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Markit: U.S. Manufacturing Activity Slowed in May; Europe Improved, but China Contracted Once More

The Markit Flash U.S. Manufacturing PMI declined from 54.1 in April to 53.8 in May, easing to its lowest level since October 2013. It was the second straight monthly deceleration in manufacturing activity, and the slowing in May reflected slower growth in new orders (down from 55.3 to 54.2) and output (down from 55.3 to 55.0). Exports (up from 48.8 to 49.6) continued to contract, but declined by less for the month. On the positive side, hiring (up from 53.7 to 54.3) accelerated to its fastest rate in six months. Moreover, even with some weakening in sentiment, the measures for demand and production growth for U.S. manufacturers remains decent overall. (continue reading…)

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