The Bureau of Labor Statistics said that consumer prices edged slightly higher in April, up 0.2 percent, after declining somewhat in March. The higher figure stemmed largely from an increase in energy costs, up 1.1 percent, rebounding from decreases in both February and March. Gasoline prices have jumped 14.3 percent over the past 12 months. At the same time, food prices increased by 0.2 percent in April, rising for the fourth straight month, but with year-over-year growth of just 0.5 percent. Overall, the consumer price index (CPI) increased 2.2 percent year-over-year in April, down from 2.8 percent in February and 2.4 percent in March. In April 2016, the CPI rose 1.1 percent, illustrating the acceleration in prices since then.
Core consumer prices, which exclude food and energy costs, edged up 0.1 percent in April and rebounding from a similar decline in March. Excluding food and energy costs, consumer prices have increased 1.9 percent over the past 12 months, pulling back a little from 2.0 percent in the prior report. That was the first time the year-over-year core inflation rate has fallen below 2.0 percent since October 2015. For now, overall pricing pressures remain modest and mostly under control, even with a pickup in the total CPI growth in recent months.