Producer Prices Rose by 0.4% in November for the Third Straight Month, or 3.0% Year-over-Year

By | Economy, Shopfloor Economics | No Comments

The Bureau of Labor Statistics said that producer prices for final demand goods and services rose by 0.4 percent in November for the third straight month. For manufacturers, producer prices for final demand goods jumped 1.0 percent in November, the fastest monthly pace since January. The gain in the latest data stemmed largely from a sharp acceleration in energy prices, up 4.6 percent in November after being unchanged in October. The increase in the spot price for West Texas intermediate crude oil over this time frame help to illustrate this rise, up from $50.59 on October 2 to $57.40 on November 30. Meanwhile, food prices were up by a more modest 0.3 percent in November. On a year-over-year basis, final demand food and energy costs have risen 3.5 percent and 12.4 percent, respectively. Excluding food and energy, producer prices for final demand goods were up by 0.3 percent in November, also for the third consecutive month.   Read More

NFIB: Small Business Optimism Not Far from the Record High Seen in July 1983

By | Economy, Shopfloor Economics | No Comments

The National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) said that the Small Business Optimism Index jumped from 103.8 in October to 107.5 in November. This was the highest level since the monthly series began in 1986 and was not far from the record high seen in July 1983 (108.0). Note that readings above 100 are consistent with strong growth among small business owners, and the robust data seen for much of the past year would suggest a healthy outlook overall in the economy. Through the first 11 months of 2017, the headline index has averaged 104.8, up from 94.3 in the same time frame in 2016. In addition, the percentage of respondents suggesting that the next three months would be a “good time to expand” rose from 23 percent to 27 percent, and the net percentage feeling that sales would be higher over the next three months increased from 21 percent to 34 percent. Each of these figures are at their highest levels since the Great Recession. Read More

Manufacturing Job Openings Eased from 16-Year High but Exceeded 400,000 for 5th Straight Month

By | Economy, Shopfloor Economics | No Comments

The Bureau of Labor Statistics said that manufacturing job openings decreased from 435,000 in both August and September—each at their highest point since January 2001—to 402,000 in October. Overall, this data suggests that manufacturers are posting new jobs at a very strong rate, exceeding 400,000 for the fifth consecutive month. Indeed, as the manufacturing outlook has improved, job openings have turned higher—another sign that the labor market has tightened significantly. One year ago, for instance, there were 314,000 job openings in the sector. The underlying job openings data in October were both lower, but the decline was steeper for nondurable goods (down from 173,000 to 147,000) than for durable goods (down from 262,000 to 255,000).

Meanwhile, manufacturing hiring remained quite positive in October. The sector hired 345,000 workers in October, up from 329,000 in September and not far from August’s level of 359,000, which was nearly a 10-year high. Hiring increased for both durable (up from 189,000 to 201,000) and nondurable (up from 140,000 to 143,000) goods firms. At the same time, total separations—including layoffs, quits and retirements—inched down from 315,000 to 308,000. As a result, net hiring (or hires minus separations) rose from 14,000 in September to 37,000 in October. This implies average net hiring of 17,500 workers per month year-to-date, which is a relatively robust growth rate. Read More

Hurricanes Likely Reduced Manufacturing Output and Labor Productivity in the Third Quarter

By | Economy, Shopfloor Economics | No Comments

The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that manufacturing labor productivity plummeted by 4.4 percent at the annual rate in the third quarter, its first decrease in one year and the largest quarterly decline since the Great Recession. On the positive side, it was originally estimated to be a decline of 5.0 percent, with the latest revision lessening the decrease somewhat from what was originally thought. Overall, though, the data continue to reflect the damage from recent hurricanes, with output down by 1.1 percent in the manufacturing sector. At the same time, hours worked and unit labor costs in manufacturing rose by 3.5 percent and 4.8 percent, respectively. The sectoral breakdowns were similar, with labor productivity for durable and nondurable goods firms off by 4.7 percent and 4.4 percent, respectively. Read More

U.S. Trade Deficit Rose in October to Highest Point Since January

By | Economy, Shopfloor Economics | No Comments

The Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Census Bureau said that the U.S. trade deficit rose from $44.89 billion in September to $48.73 billion in October, its highest level since January. In the latest figures, the increase in the trade deficit stemmed mostly from a jump in goods imports (up from $195.88 billion to $199.40 billion), with goods exports (down from $130.64 billion to $130.32 billion) off slightly. On the positive side, goods exports remain not far from September’s figure, which was its best reading since December 2014. Beyond goods, service-sector exports (up from $65.29 billion to $65.59 billion) and imports (up from $44.93 billion to $45.24 billion) each rose to new all-time highs. Read More

New Factory Orders Edged Down 0.1 Percent in October, but Year-Over-Year Growth Remains Encouraging

By | Economy, Shopfloor Economics | No Comments

The Census Bureau said that new factory orders edged down 0.1 percent in October, easing off ever-so-slightly after jumping by 1.2 percent and 1.7 percent in both August and September, respectively. In October, nondurable goods orders were up by 0.7 percent, with new sales for durable goods off 0.8 percent. The decline for durable goods in October stemmed largely from significant declines in defense and nondefense aircraft and parts orders, which can often be highly volatile from month to month. (The November numbers should rebound strongly on healthy airplane demand at the Dubai Airshow.) Excluding transportation equipment, new orders were up 0.8 percent in October, rising for the fourth consecutive month.

Overall, new factory orders – which have struggled mightily over the past couple years – have largely trended in the right direction more recently, up nearly 3.7 percent since October 2016, or 6.8 percent with transportation equipment sales excluded.   Read More