Last week, the President transmitted to Congress the renewal agreement for the “U.S.-China Agreement for Cooperation on the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy,” also known as the U.S.-China Section 123 agreement. Unless the renewal is brought into force before the current agreement expires in December, U.S. nuclear suppliers will lose their access to the world’s largest market for commercial nuclear goods and services – effectively forfeiting billions of dollars in U.S. exports and thousands of American jobs in a key sector. The NAM recently joined several other associations in urging Congress to act on a clean and expeditious approval of the renewal U.S.-China Section 123 agreement.
Section 123 of the U.S. Atomic Energy Act requires a specific agreement for significant transfers of nuclear material, equipment, or components from the United States to another nation. This primer from the Congressional Research Service (CRS) provides additional background on these “123 Agreements”, and CRS also has this new report on the China Section 123 agreement. (continue reading…)