The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City said that manufacturing activity picked up somewhat in its district in November. The composite index rose from 4 in October to 7 in November, its highest level in four months. Along those lines, the pace of production (up from 3 to 9), shipments (up from zero to 7) and employment (up from 6 to 9) improved for the month. In addition, export sales (up from -9 to 8) were positive for the first time since April. Yet, growth remains far from robust, with new orders (down from 2 to 1) decelerating for the fourth consecutive month and just barely above neutral. (continue reading…)
The Bureau of Labor Statistics said that Wisconsin created the most net new manufacturing workers in October, hiring 5,400 additional employees for the month. Other states with significant increases in manufacturing employment in October included Pennsylvania (up 2,700), Indiana (up 2,500), Minnesota (up 2,300), Oregon (up 2,200) and South Carolina (up 2,100). Looking over the past 12 months, the five states with the greatest manufacturing employment gains were Indiana (up 24,100), Texas (up 14,900), Ohio (up 13,700), Wisconsin (up 12,100) and Minnesota (up 10,500). (continue reading…)
The Bureau of Labor Statistics said that consumer prices were unchanged in October. Over the past 12 months, consumer inflation has risen 1.7 percent. In addition, core prices, which exclude food and energy costs, were up 1.8 percent year-over-year. As such, core inflation continues to remain below the Federal Reserve’s stated goal of 2 percent at the annual rate, which it has now done for 20 consecutive months. Overall, these trends mirror the producer price index data released earlier in the week.
In particular, Americans continue to benefit from falling energy prices, which declined 1.9 percent in October and have dropped in each of the past four months. Since peaking in June, total consumer energy costs have decreased 5.4 percent. Indeed, we have seen the average price of regular gasoline decline from $3.64 a gallon during the week of June 23 to $2.86 a gallon this week, according to the Energy Information Administration. (continue reading…)
The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia said that manufacturing activity expanded very strongly in November, with its composite index measuring an off-the-chart 40.8 for the month. This was up from 20.7 in October, and you would have to go back two decades to find a higher figure (December 1993’s 41.2 reading). In fact, 49.2 percent of respondents to the Manufacturing Business Outlook Survey said that conditions had improved in November, up from 34.2 percent who said that same thing in October. Along those lines, the Philly Fed survey has registered above average index figures since the first quarter, averaging 23.0 from April to November. That suggests that manufacturers in the district are currently very positive about their businesses. (continue reading…)
The HSBC Flash China Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) fell to neutral (50) in November, down from 50.4 in October. This was the weakest reading since Chinese respondents noted contracting levels of activity from January through May. Indeed, output contracted once again (down from 50.7 to 49.5) for the first time since May, which was not a good sign. Hiring (down from 48.9 to 48.4) was also negative for the 13th straight month. On the positive side, new orders (up from 51.2 to 51.4) edged slightly higher, and exports (down from 51.7 to 50.5) continued to expand, albeit at a much slower pace. (continue reading…)
The Census Bureau and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development said that housing data were mixed in October, but the overarching trend line remains positive. New housing starts eased somewhat, down from a revised 1,038,000 annualized units in September to 1,008,000 in October. Yet, housing permits – a proxy of future activity – rose from 1,031,000 to 1,080,000 units. That was the highest level of residential permitting since June 2008, suggesting movement in the right direction. In addition, new starts have also edged higher, up from an average of 955,167 in the first half of 2014 to 1,027,000 in the four months so far in the second half. (continue reading…)
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) said that producer prices for final demand goods and services rose 0.2 percent in October. Yet, that gain stemmed mainly from increased costs for food (up 1.0 percent) and services (up 0.5 percent). Producer prices for final demand goods fell for the fourth straight month, down 0.4 percent. Falling energy costs (down 3.0 percent) continue to force the overall headline number lower. Indeed, prices for final demand energy goods have declined 5.9 percent since June, helping to decelerate overall inflationary pressures for producers.
At the same time, food prices rebounded from a softer September. Through the first 10 months of 2014, prices for final demand foods have risen 4.8 percent. In October, cooking oils, eggs, fruits, meats and vegetables accounted for the bulk of the monthly jump in food costs, with those same categories responsible for the year-to-date gains. (continue reading…)
Manufacturing production rose 0.2 percent in October. At the same time, output in the sector was revised down from an original estimate of 0.5 percent in September to 0.2 percent. As such, manufacturing production has been weaker over the past three months than desired. Capacity utilization among manufacturers has also edged lower over this time frame, down 77.8 percent in July to 77.2 percent in October.
On a year-over-year basis, manufacturing production has risen 3.4 percent since October 2013. That indicates modest growth over the past 12 months, and yet, it also reflects a deceleration in the year-over-year pace since peaking in July at 4.9 percent. (continue reading…)
The Empire State Manufacturing Survey reported a pickup in activity again in November after slowing somewhat in October. The New York Federal Reserve Bank’s composite index of general business conditions rose from 6.2 in October to 10.2 in November. While this figure reflects continued expansion in the sector, it is perhaps notable that the headline figure had averaged 21.2 over the five months of May through September. As such, growth for manufacturers in the New York Fed district has been more modest in the fourth quarter than it was mid-year. (continue reading…)
Here is the summary for this week’s Monday Economic Report:
Manufacturers produced $2.085 trillion in value-added in the second quarter, according to new data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis. That figure is continued evidence that the manufacturing sector has a significant impact on economic activity, accounting for 12 percent of GDP. Moreover, the sector added 0.81 percentage points to second-quarter real GDP growth, which rebounded by 4.6 percent after weakness in the first quarter. This suggests that manufacturers had an outsized impact on economic growth in the second quarter, with only the professional and business services sector having a larger contribution to real GDP. (continue reading…)