The House this week, by voice vote, approved the Mobile Workforce State Income Tax Simplification Act of 2017 (H.R. 1393), which clarifies and simplifies the ability of states to tax nonresident employees. The legislation—which sets a bright line test for when states can tax income earned by nonresident workers—has been approved by the House in earlier sessions of Congress but has yet to pass the Senate.
Many manufacturers have employees who travel outside their home states as part of their job. Unfortunately, these out-of-state assignments sometimes result in an arbitrary compliance burden and tax liability for both employees and employers. In particular, employees are required to track and comply with various tax filing requirements while employers are required to maintain records and withhold state income taxes for these employees. This is particularly onerous for small and medium-sized manufacturers that do not have in-house tax departments. Clarifying the ability of states to tax mobile workforces will free up resources for employers to use in their business and leave more money in the paychecks of their employees.
Now that the House has—once more—supported this commonsense legislation, the National Association of Manufacturers urges the Senate to follow suit and pass H.R. 1393.