Mexican Trucks, U.S. Cotton, Brazilian Retaliation

By March 15, 2010Trade

The Dallas Morning News on Sunday does its own story on the anniversary of Mexico’s tariffs retaliating against the United States for violating NAFTA, also reporting on Brazil’s WTO-sanctioned tariffs retaliating against the U.S. cotton program, “Companies caught in the middle of U.S.-Mexico trucking dispute“:

“We have heard from American exporters,” U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk said Tuesday. “We understand the sense of urgency. We will work as quickly as we can to see if we can’t come up with an acceptable solution.”

Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood has assured exporters that he’s hopeful a deal can be reached soon. But he said the same thing a year ago.

“We have not yet floated any proposals with Mexico and look forward to consulting with members of Congress,” the department’s Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration said Thursday in a statement.

The Mexican embassy in Washington issued a news release last week:

We continue to seek every opportunity for dialogue and engagement with the Administration and Congress on this issue, and we urge the former to come forward with a specific proposal to resolve the cross-border trucking impasse.

In the meantime, Mexico will continue to exercise all legal means available to achieve full compliance by the United States with its commitments under the NAFTA. The safety of Mexican carriers and drivers operating in the United States has been well documented by an Independent Evaluation Panel, the Inspector General of the U.S. DOT and the Congressional Research Service. Mexico is the United States’ second-largest export market and the second largest buyer of US exports. It remains a steadfast supporter of free and fair trade, and will continue to work actively and responsibly with Congress and the Administration to find a solution.

The Morning News story highlights the impact of the Mexican and Brazilian tariffs on Texas-based Mary Kay, the personal care products company that has paid $5.4 million in Mexican tariffs over the last year.

As for the Brazilian retaliation…

Here’s the list of U.S. products and tariff percentages applied by Brazil, from the Brazilian Embassy. We’ll also put the list in the extended entry section below.

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U.S.-COTTON DISPUTE

LIST OF GOODS SUBJECT TO SUSPENSION OF BRAZIL’S CONCESSIONS AND OTHER OBLIGATIONS IN THE WTO

Note: Brazil adopts the description contained in Mercosur Common Nomenclature (NCM), which is based on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS). The Mercosur Common Nomenclature has authentic versions in Portuguese and Spanish. The translation below is non-official and is provided for reference purposes only.

NCM Code

Description

Current Applied Tariff

Increased Tariff (applied to U.S. goods only)

0303.51.00

Frozen Herrings (Clupea harengus, Clupea pallasii)

10%

30%

0402.10.10

Milk and cream in solid forms, of a fat content by weight of <= 1,5%, of an arsenic, lead or copper content, taken separately, of less than 5 ppm

28%

48%

0404.10.00

Whey and modified whey, whether or not concentrated or containing added sugar or other sweetening matter

28%

48%

0504.00.13

Guts of swine, fresh, chilled, frozen, salted, in brine, dried or smoked

8%

28%

0802.21.00

Fresh or dried hazelnuts or filberts Corylus spp., in shell

6%

26%

0802.31.00

Fresh or dried walnuts in shell

10%

30%

0802.32.00

Fresh or dried walnuts, shelled and peeled

10%

30%

0806.20.00

Dried grapes

10%

30%

0808.20.10

Fresh pears

10%

30%

0809.20.00

Fresh cherries

10%

30%

0809.40.00

Fresh plums and sloes

10%

30%

1001.90.90

Wheat and meslin (excl. seed and durum wheat)

10%

30%

1502.00.11

Fats of bovine animals, raw

6%

26%

1507.90.90

Other soya-bean oils

10%

30%

1514.11.00

Low erucic acid rape or colza oil, crude

10%

30%

1514.19.10

Low erucic acid rape or colza oil, refined

10%

30%

2005.20.00

Potatoes, prepared or preserved (excl. frozen)

14%

34%

2009.90.00

Mixtures of juices, unfermented

14%

34%

2103.20.10

Tomato ketchup and other tomato sauces in immediate containers holding not more than 1 kg

18%

38%

2103.90.91

Preparations for sauces and prepared sauces in immediate containers holding not more than 1 kg

18%

38%

2106.10.00

Protein concentrates and textured protein substances

14%

34%

2106.90.30

Preparations often referred to as food supplements

16%

36%

2106.90.50

Sugar-free chewing gum

16%

36%

2106.90.90

Other food preparations

16%

36%

2202.90.00

Other non-alcoholic beverages (excl. water, fruit or vegetable juices and milk)

20%

40%

2303.20.00

Beet-pulp, bagasse and other waste of sugar manufacture

6%

26%

2905.11.00

Methanol (methyl alcohol)

12%

22%

2929.10.21

Isomer mixtures of toluene diisocyanates

14%

28%

3003.90.55

Medicaments containing paracetamol or bromopride, not in measured doses

14%

28%

3004.20.19

Medicaments containing amphenicols or their derivatives, put up in measured doses

8%

14%

3004.20.79

Other medicaments containing polypeptides or their derivatives, put up in measured doses

8%

14%

3004.39.39

Medicaments containing other oestrogens or progestogens, put up in measured doses

8%

14%

3004.40.90

Other medicaments containing alkaloids or derivatives thereof, not containing hormones, steroids used as hormones or antibiotics, put up in measured doses

8%

14%

3004.90.49

Other medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed products, put up in measured doses

8%

14%

3005.10.90

Other adhesive dressings and other articles having an adhesive layer

0%

12%

3006.10.90

Other sterile surgical catgut and similar sterile suture materials for surgical wound closure

12%

22%

3303.00.20

Toilet waters

18%

36%

3304.10.00

Lip make-up preparations

18%

36%

3304.99.10

Beauty creams; tonic lotions

18%

36%

3304.99.90

Other beauty or make-up preparations and preparations for the care of the skin

18%

36%

3305.10.00

Shampoos

18%

36%

3305.90.00

Other preparations for use on the hair

18%

36%

3306.10.00

Dentifrices

18%

36%

3306.90.00

Other preparations for oral or dental hygiene

18%

36%

3307.10.00

Pre-shave, shaving or after-shave preparations

18%

36%

3307.20.90

Other personal deodorants and antiperspirants

18%

36%

3307.90.00

Other depilatories and other perfumery, toilet or cosmetic preparations

18%

36%

3401.19.00

Other soap and organic surface-active products and preparations

18%

36%

3402.90.39

Other surface-active and washing preparations

18%

36%

3923.30.00

Carboys, bottles, flasks and similar articles

18%

36%

4011.10.00

New pneumatic tyres, of rubber, of a kind used on motor cars (including station wagons and racing cars)

16%

32%

4011.20.90

Other new pneumatic tyres, of rubber, of a kind used for buses and lorries

16%

32%

4908.90.00

Other transfers decalcomanias

16%

32%

5201.00.20

Cotton, neither carded nor combed, not further prepared than ginned

6%

100%

5201.00.90

Other types of cotton, neither carded nor combed

6%

100%

5203.00.00

Cotton, carded or combed

8%

100%

5208.21.00

Plain woven fabrics of cotton, containing >= 85% cotton by weight and weighing <= 100 g/m², unbleached

26%

100%

5209.32.00

Woven fabrics of cotton, containing >= 85% cotton by weight and weighing > 200 g/m², in three-thread or four-thread twill, incl. cross twill, dyed

26%

100%

5703.20.00

Carpets and other floor coverings, of nylon or other polyamides, tufted needle punched

35%

60%

5903.90.00

Textile fabrics impregnated, coated, covered or laminated with plastics other than polyvinyl chloride or polyurethane

26%

48%

6116.10.00

Gloves impregnated, coated or covered with plastics or rubber

35%

60%

6203.42.00

Men’s or boys’ trousers, bib and brace overalls, breeches and shorts, of cotton

35%

100%

6204.62.00

Women’s or girls’ trousers, bib and brace overalls, breeches and shorts of cotton

35%

100%

6303.92.00

Curtains, incl. drapes, and interior blinds, curtain or bed valances of synthetic fibres

35%

60%

6307.90.10

Other made-up articles of textile materials, of synthetic fibres

35%

60%

6307.90.90

Other made-up articles of textile materials

35%

60%

7113.19.00

Articles of jewellery and parts thereof, of other precious metal other or not plated or clad with precious metal

18%

36%

8212.10.20

Non-electric razors

18%

36%

8212.20.10

Safety razor blades of base metal

18%

36%

8418.40.00

Freezers, upright, not exceeding 900 litres capacity

20%

40%

8433.11.00

Mowers for lawns, parks or sports grounds, powered, with the cutting device rotating in a horizontal plane

18%

36%

8471.90.12

Bar-code readers

12%

22%

8506.80.90

Other primary cells and primary batteries, electric

16%

32%

8516.60.00

Other ovens; cookers, cooking plates, boiling rings, grillers and roasters, for domestic use

20%

40%

8517.12.31

Portable telephones for cellular networks (excl. satellite)

16%

32%

8518.10.90

Other microphones and stands therefor

20%

40%

8518.21.00

Single loudspeakers, mounted in their enclosures

20%

40%

8518.22.00

Multiple loudspeakers, mounted in the same enclosure

20%

40%

8518.30.00

Headphones and earphones, whether or not combined with a microphone, and sets consisting of a microphone and one or more loudspeakers

20%

40%

8518.50.00

Electric sound amplifier sets

20%

40%

8521.90.90

Other video recording or reproducing apparatus

20%

40%

8525.80.19

Other television cameras

20%

40%

8525.80.29

Other digital cameras and video camera recorders

20%

40%

8527.21.90

Other radio-broadcast receivers, of a kind used in motor vehicles, combined with sound recording or reproducing apparatus

20%

40%

8528.49.29

Other colour cathode-ray tube monitors

20%

40%

8703.21.00

Motor cars and other motor vehicles with spark-ignition internal combustion reciprocating piston engine of a cylinder capacity <= 1,000 cm³

35%

50%

8703.23.10

Motor cars and other motor vehicles with spark-ignition internal combustion reciprocating piston engine of a cylinder capacity > 1,500 cm³ but <= 3,000 cm³, with a seating capacity of not more than 6, including the driver

35%

50%

8703.24.10

Motor cars and other motor vehicles with spark-ignition internal combustion reciprocating piston engine of a cylinder capacity > 3,000 cm³, with a seating capacity of not more than 6, including the driver

35%

50%

8703.24.90

Motor cars and other motor vehicles with spark-ignition internal combustion reciprocating piston engine of a cylinder capacity > 3,000 cm³, with a seating capacity exceeding 6

35%

50%

8703.33.10

Motor cars and other motor vehicles with compression-ignition internal combustion piston engine diesel or semi-diesel engine of a cylinder capacity > 2.500 cm³, with a seating capacity of not more than 6, including the driver

35%

50%

8711.50.00

Motorcycles, incl. mopeds, with reciprocating internal combustion piston engine of a cylinder capacity > 800 cm³

20%

40%

8903.92.00

Motorboats, other than outboard motorboats

20%

40%

8903.99.00

Other vessels for pleasure or sports, including rowing boats

20%

40%

9004.10.00

Sunglasses

20%

40%

9008.30.00

Other image projectors

18%

36%

9018.32.19

Other tubular metal needles

16%

32%

9018.39.10

Other needles

16%

32%

9021.10.20

Splints and other fracture appliances

4%

14%

9021.39.80

Other artificial parts of the body

14%

28%

9102.11.10

Wrist-watches, whether or not incorporating a stop-watch facility, electrically operated, with mechanical display only with case of base metal

20%

40%

9403.70.00

Furniture of plastics

18%

36%

9603.21.00

Tooth brushes, including dental-plate brushes

18%

36%

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